Felony and Misdemeanor
Misdemeanor offenses are generally cases over which Municipal courts, Area or County courts, and Mayor's courts have jurisdiction. The most common types of misdemeanor offenses (depending on the nature of the offense) are OVI, petty theft, domestic violence, assault, disorderly conduct, certain drug offenses, traffic violations, and many more. The maximum penalty for the most serious misdemeanor is six months incarceration and/or a monetary fine.
Felony offenses are the more serious cases and can result in incarceration in a prison/penitentiary type facility. The respective county Common Pleas Courts have jurisdcition over these types of offenses. Under Ohio sentencing guidelines, certain crimes carry a mandatory prison sentence. Others carry a presumption that a prison sentence should be imposed. Lastly, others carry a presumption that no prison sentence be imposed. Sentencing always is up to the sentencing Judge based upon the results of a presentence investigation, previous criminal history, etc.
If you are alleged to have committed an offense for which jail/prison time is a possiblity, you should defintely consult with a competent criminal defense attorney prior to making any life-changing decisions.
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Robert M. Dumes is a skilled criminal defense attorney who will assess the facts of your case and educate you on your rights and the process of a criminal prosecution.